Cognates are words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling. and pronunciation.
30 -40% of English words have a related word in Spanish.
For learners of English as a second or foreign language, cognates are a bridge to the English language.
Cognate awareness is the ability to use cognates as a tool for understanding a new language.
Children can be taught to use cognates as early as preschool. They feel confident when they can master cognates because they are very similar to their mother tongue.
There are many cognates, but I choose the most familiar for my kids such as chocolate, pizza, pasta, television, computer, sofa,etcTeaching cognates help children to transfer knowledge from one language to the other and to build anchor charts.
These are some printables I made for my centers. You can download them free in my blog.